Teresa’s Garage Car Care Seminar

Seminar 2015

Coming May 16, 2015, from 10-2 PM, approximately Teresa’s Garage will host a seminar on automobile car care to be held at the Reno Town Mall on So. Virginia Street, Reno, Nevada. During this seminar you will become more familiar with how to check your battery and charging system to insure it is at its peak performance. You will also learn how to change a tire, what to do in emergency, and what are all those scary things under your car’s hood, and much more.

Teresa Aquila, owner of Teresa’s Garage, will give you an insider’s view of how to talk to repair shops when you are confronted with questions you are unfamiliar with, like brakes, suspension, or tires. By having knowledge of your automobile, you can take charge of your vehicle and help save on costly repairs by being prepared.

Learn why preventative maintenance really does save you money in the long run, and the information your owner’s manual really offers. Sign up today by sending an email to

The Class is open to the first 10 students, and the cost is $20.00. You will need to wear old clothes and comfortable shoes. There will be 75 minutes of class room training, and then practical experience.

Included in the class is a Teresa’s Garage tote bag, stickers, and class plaque. So hurry and sign up. Spots are limited. Happy Motoring.

Mark your Calendar. Hope to see you there.



How Much Should I Expect To Pay For A Brake Repair?

How Much Should I Expect To Pay For A Brake Job?

Asking this question may seem simple, but in fact, with the huge variety of car makes and models, it is almost impossible to calculate. The brakes are a very important part of your car. Maintaining a good braking system should be a top priority.

In order to determine the cost of an average brake repair, you should first do research on your year, make and model, and know what repairs are needed on the front brakes, rear brakes or both. Do just the pads need replacing or the whole brakes? If you need to replace the discs or calipers, your cost will rise considerably.

Sample of front pads

Sample of front pads

In today’s technical world, research information is readily available and it is as close as your computer. But not so fast. With many people trying to jump on the bandwagon offering advice or low cost products via the internet, what is really the correct approach? For me, I do my homework when performing a repair on a customer’s vehicle to insure that I am giving them the best bang for their buck.
Shopping locally has advantages; customer service, quicker return policy without return shipping charges, and many auto parts stores will price match some online retailers.
In your case, you need to do the same. Begin by researching to find the exact parts for your year, make and model. Many cars may look identical, when actually their parts could be very different. In my shop, I prefer to remove the old parts and bring them with me to my local parts house to make sure I am receiving like for like. Sometimes the parts look perfect, only to find out when I return to the shop, there is a small difference. If you plan to do the repairs yourself, be sure, before you leave the store.

What actually goes into a complete brake repair? Most shops will advise replacing everything: calipers, rotors, brake pads and hardware, including a complete brake fluid flush. Brake fluid like all other fluids in your vehicle, breaks down and needs replacing in order to perform at its best. Why? The most important reason is lives. If you cannot stop when the brake pedal is pressed, that could mean serious injuries to you or other drivers, or even death.

It’s not always necessary to replace all the components, but purchasing quality parts is crucial; after all, your life depends on it. Some of the less expensive brands are not the highest in quality, meaning that you will be replacing them sooner than later. I am not a fan of brake parts made in China. They indicate that their metal quality is within the United States’ specifications, but I am not convinced. I have experienced some returns when using parts made in China. This, of course, is a personal choice.

So what type of pads should you purchase for your car: ceramic, semi-metallic or metallic? I always check to see what the manufacturer’s recommendations are, and use that as my guide. Ceramic pads will last longer, but they are more expensive, and can be a bit noisy. The main factor in long life for your brake pads depends on your driving habits and terrain. If you do quick stops, or drive in hilly terrain, then your pads will wear quicker than someone who drives all highways and does a gradual slow down.

brake caliper

Varies depending on vehicle make

What is the life expectancy of the brake calipers? You should not have to install new brake calipers very often. They are designed to last around 100,000 miles. When they do need replacing, there are some signs you will probably notice. If a caliper is sticking, the car will pull to one side when braking. If it is seriously sticking, or just completely frozen up, the brake rotor will be smoking and you will hear a grinding sound. You should have the calipers replaced immediately. If you notice leaking brake fluid, you should have the braking system checked out. It could be a problem with the calipers. Replacing brake calipers can be tricky work, so unless you are very comfortable working on your car, you should have the work done by a pro.

Caring For Your Car’s Upholstery

inside car In a state where dust and heat are a sure bet, the deck is stacked against your car. But the war against auto upholstery deterioration is worth waging.

For one, you’ll get more enjoyment out of your car for a longer period of time. Also, if your interior is in mint condition, it improves your odds of getting the top Blue Book price when it’s time to trade in or sell.
The first step in the battle plan is to know your adversaries. You’re already well acquainted with Enemy #1 – the sun. You know what it does to your skin. Think about your poor car and what it goes through every day.

You don’t think twice about moisturizing your skin to prevent wrinkles. Vinyl and leather need moisturizing too, but don’t reach for the Oil of Olay. There are a number of products that can do wonders for your car. Many professional car upholsterers use PB-2 for vinyl, leather, wood and plastic. It sells at most upholstery shops for about twelve dollars a bottle. Summit Racing or Adams Polishes is also a great place to purchase products from with a variety covering all the inside and outside needs.

Aside from protectants, there’s another simple way to keep the sun from attacking the interior. Get a cardboard or reflective sunshade found at most auto parts stores. They are only a few bucks, and they keep 80 percent of the sun’s rays out. Also, if you can afford it, tint your windows. Depending on how much you want to spend, tinting can block up to 35 percent of the sun’s rays and keep your car cooler and more comfortable.

Dashboard covers are another option. You can order them from most auto parts stores for about 35.00 dollars. They’re usually made from carpet and are custom designed for your car model. They fasten down with Velcro and look pretty sharp—not a bad way to cover cracks, or prevent new ones.

So far, we’ve talked a lot about Enemy #1, but Enemy #2—plain old dirt — really goes in for the kill. Again, think about your skin, and how dirt and grime clog the pores and really mess-up a good complexion. Well, dirt is also hard on vinyl, leather and fabric. But unlike your skin, they can’t repair themselves.

Never underestimate the power of even a small particle of dirt, especially when it works its way into the seams of your upholstery. Grit literally cuts away at the threads like tiny scissors, and the same holds true for your carpets.

Vacuuming the upholstery and carpet once a week will help tremendously. And while you’re at it, don’t forget those nooks and crannies. Use a nylon brush or even a toothbrush to get at them. As far as products go, many professional upholsterers use Malco Upholstery Cleaner and Conditioner. Adams Polishes also provides a professional Leather conditioner.

floor matFloor mats are also good for keeping dirt at bay. Just make sure you get the kind with soft rubber tips at the bottom. Hard plastic mats will wear the carpet away. And mats with slick bottoms will slip and slide, trapping dirt underneath.

Now if all of this sounds like too much trouble and you hate to wait in line at the car wash, there’s one other option. A few auto detailers across the country offer mobile service. In other words, they come to you —wherever you may be – with a van equipped with its own water supply, generator, vacuum cleaner, and spray wands — the whole nine yards. This service is really popular with professionals. So while dentists are drilling away, and lawyers are looking for loopholes, the detailer is right outside the office, working up a lather. Customers have even asked them to work on the cars while dinning at exclusive e restaurants. Depending on what city you live in, the price will vary. This might be more than you want to spend. Just remember – a clean car is a happy car, and even a small investment towards that end can end up paying big dividends. Happy Motoring!

Loctite, More Than Just An Adhesive!

Loctite is a great product and has been on the market since the 1950’s. From computers to automibles and everything in between, loctite is there bonding and continuing to advance to make all our lives easier and more productive. This video from Henkel demonstrates the advancements from glues to adhesives.

I have used this product for years and because of Henkel’s superior technology, it has proven time and time again to hold up to the toughest of jobs. Henkel has been a part of the adhesive industry since the 1950’s and it will continue to be a large part of the future. From Car repair to High Heels, Loctite has it all. Their product strenght is superb and covers just about any type of repair you might have. Don’t through it away, repair it with Loctite.

Wells Fargo 1852, more than just a Bank

Wells Fargo 1852, more than just a Bank

When you think of Wells Fargo Bank, you think of a financial institute, but have you ever thought there might have been more to this company than just banking? Like, the largest transportation company in the world?

On March 18, 1852, Wells Fargo’s Henry Wells and William Fargo, and other investors, met in New York, where they signed articles of association to open a business in San Francisco and Sacramento as Wells Fargo and Company banking to begin on July 18, 1852. Wells Fargo provided financial services to pioneer miners, merchants and ranchers in the West. It wasn’t long after going into business; the company opened other offices in mining camps, towns and cities that were in need of their services. By the end of 1918 there were more than 10,000 offices across the country.

As if banking wasn’t enough for this newly vested company, knowing that America was a growing country, they knew they needed to prepare for the future. As the banking industry was growing in 1858, and offices were beginning to pop up across the country, the one thing still not in place was a source of transportation in order to handle financial transactions by the fastest means possible. At the time, these transactions were moving by steam and sailing ships, railroads, Pony Express, and what all of us have read about, the stagecoach.

Since Wells Fargo and Co. was dependant on carriers to handle their transportation needs during their early beginnings, soon they would develop their own reliable transportation across the continent. It wasn’t long before Wells Fargo became the largest stagecoach transportation company in the world.

In 1858, Wells Fargo, teamed up with other express companies to finance the Overland Mail Company. Named after their president John Butterfield, the Butterfield Line scheduled to run twice-weekly, moving passengers and mail service between St. Louis and San Francisco. The route was long, covering 2,757 miles of open land; Wells Fargo surveyed the route traveling through Fort Worth, El Paso, Tucson, and Los Angeles.

Working hard to keep up with the times and the growing of financial wealth, the Overland Mail Company rolled night and day stopping only to change horses and for their employees, to grab quick meals consisting of coffee, jerky and biscuits. Their travels had them on the road for 25 days, from departure locations in Missouri and California, encountering some pretty tough terrain made up of treeless plains, jagged mountains and scorching deserts. The dedicated employees made sure that the coaches and their contents arrived safely at the destinations.

During this era, these stagecoaches were built high and wide in order to handle the rough, rutted roads of a new country. This classic American vehicle was engineered in Concord, New Hampshire, by carriage builder J. Stephens Abbot and master wheelwright Lewis Downing for Wells Fargo & Co.

strong box

strong box

As any engineer of vehicles, you must take into consideration the terrain, weather conditions and the type of contents to be transported so that you can develop a well built product. These stagecoaches were made of curved frames to give strength to the body and a little extra elbow room for its passengers. Once the body was mastered, a great deal of thought went into the wheels which would carry it for miles and be able to stand up to decades of drenching mountain storms and parching desert heat. What made these coaches unique was not a steel spring suspension that we know today, but leather thoroughbraces made out of bullhide. This arrangement spared the horses from jarring and gave the stagecoach a (sometimes) more gentle rocking motion, leading Mark Twain to call it, “An imposing cradle on wheels” (Roughing It, 1870).

If you think these coaches were light in weight, how about weighing 2,500 pounds? At a cost of $1,100 each, they included leather and damask cloth interiors. Wells Fargo to this day still displays these coaches proudly during parades and in their History Museums across the country.

Wells Fargo & Co. also played another very important part in history; the capturing of Black Bart. The stagecoaches carried the famous Wells Fargo green treasure boxes, securing gold dust, gold bars, gold coins, legal papers and money drafts, which were stored underneath the driver’s seat. These boxes weighed as much as 150 lbs., making them sturdy and secure. They were made out of Ponderosa pine, oak and iron. They were highly sought after by highway bandits.

Not every strong box required an armed guard. Only the real security treasures were accompanied by a Wells Fargo shotgun messenger. These were the kind of men you could depend on. Those brave enough to try to steal these treasure boxes while in route, would find themselves staring down a double barrel shotgun. According to legend, that possibly could have included Wyatt Earp himself.

Black Bart

Black Bart

The Infamous Black Bart, a masked highwayman who was responsible for robbing 27 stagecoaches owned by Wells Fargo and other transportation companies, was finally apprehended by Wells Fargo’s detectives. He served four years in San Quentin Prison and then disappeared forever, without a trace.

So the next time you enter a Wells Fargo bank and see the picture of a stagecoach on their walls, you will have a better understanding of its history; that at one time. it was more than just a bank, it was the biggest transportation company in the world.

Photo reference: Wells Fargo Bank, Inc.


Check Fluids

Things you should ALWAYS do for your Automobile!

Things you should ALWAYS do!

As car owners, we sometimes are not familiar with the dos and the don’ts of our automobiles, have no fear, maybe the following can help.

1. Never take your vehicle for granted, it depends on car owners to care for them, so make sure to do your weekly checks to insure a safe ride. Check your tire pressure, check under the hood for leaks, check your wiper fluid, check your spare tire for proper inflation, check your tire wear and check your oil with the engine off.

2. When fueling your vehicle, make sure to secure the fuel cap after fueling. If it is not secure, the sensor will activate the check engine light since fuel systems need to be a sealed system.

3. Walk around your vehicle at least once a week to insure no damage has occurred without your knowledge. Those shopping cars can end up hitting your car without you knowing causing the paint to chip and possible rust in time. Catching it early can allow you to give it a little touch up. If your fingernails became chipped, a definite touch up is in order.

4. Use the recommended grade of gasoline or diesel recommended by the dealer. Lower octane can cause premature failure of your engine and even power fuel mileage. Read your owner’s manual to determine this.

5. Schedule to have your timing belt replaced on most vehicles at 60,000 miles. Again, your owner’s manual is a great resource for this information. Some vehicles can go as far as 90,000. Failure to do so can cause the belt to break which can bend exhaust or intake valves and in turn means an engine overhaul. A preventable cost.

6. Rotate your tires regularly. This will allow your tires to go its full life expectancy.tire

7. Make sure to have your brake fluid replaced during your regular intervals. Brake fluid will fail after a long extended use causing brakes to lock up or fail. This could be deadly. Check your owner’s manual.

8. Check often to see if your Registration sticker is still on your license plate. Thieves love to steal them to place on their own vehicle in order not to register their car. When replacing the new sticker, ALWAYS remove the old stickers with a razor blade. This will prevent it from being stolen.

9. Check your anti freeze effectiveness monthly to make sure that it has the full protection needed. Anti freeze test stripes are a fast and easy way of doing this. “Caution”, Make sure the vehicle engine is cold. The cooling system creates pressure and can cause severe burns if opened under pressure. First thing in the morning is a great time to perform this check.Prestone anti freeze

10. Check regular to see that your registration and insurance forms are in the vehicle. Getting pulled over is not the time to find out you forgot to replace your insurance card with the new one that arrived days ago. Place them together makes it quick access. Use a plastic bag to keep them safe and dry.

11. Check your lights weekly. Making sure your headlights and brake lights are in good working order. If your brake lights are not activating, being rear ended is a possibility.