Teresa’s Garage Radio Show Archives

You can now hear all past Radio Shows of Teresa’s Garage on Americamatters Media station 101.3 FM every Tuesday from 2-3 PM live or previously recorded on 1060 AM every Tuesday from 4:00-5:00 PM or Friday’s at 10:00 AM and 99.1 Fox Radio on Sunday’s at 6:00 PM. Be sure to click the links below, then scroll down to Teresa’s Garage, click it on and all recorded shows will be available. Teresa’s Garage is a production of Americamatters Media.  You can also listen live by going to  and click on the listen live button for Podcast. Enjoy.

Windy Radio show

Teresa’s Garage Radio show offers Guests, Automotive adive and information. You can participate by calling locally 775-829-8900 or Worldwide at 855-790-8255 (talk). Teresa’s Garage Radio show offers everything Automotive. Learn how a car engine works, call in and be apart of the show by participating with current topics. Or email Teresa Aquila at Who knows, you might just learn something.


Radio show photo

Radio Show Scheduling

99.1 FOX News Radio

Sunday, January 25
Conversations From The Capitol
Gastro Gab
Teresa’s Garage
Business Matters
Nevada Matters Special
Health Matters
Animal Life
Book Hound
Flying For Liberty
Ken’s Bulls & Bears
Just The Facts

Renegade Radio 101.3 FM

Teresa’s Garage Tuesday’s 2:00-3:00 PM
Teresa’s Garage Encore Friday’s 10:00 AM


Teresa’s Garage Encore Tuesday’s 4:00-5:00 PM


Remove the Crime of Opportunity and Don’t Become A Victim

Remove the Crime of Opportunity

Personal safety is a concern that everyone should have on their minds. As we go through our busy lives how often do we really consider all the situations we could actually be involved in if the opportunity would arise? Remove the Crime Of Opportunity and don’t become a victim.take a bit out of crime

For most of us, the automobile is not only a vehicle that can take us from point A to point B, but it is also our means of independence. Without it, where would you be? Do you really think about “what ifs?” You are probably asking yourself, what does she mean by this? Well, let’s think about things for a moment. What if your car broke down? What if your cell phone died out in the middle of nowhere? What if you were stuck in a bad storm in your car? What if you ran out of gas? What if you had a flat tire? What if you were in an accident? What if your car was burglarized? And the list goes on.
If any one of these situations happens to you, would you know what to do? Yes, these are all “what ifs,” but reading the paper each day tells you that these “what ifs,” really do come true, and without warning. So preparing yourself is your key to survival or personal safety. So how do you prepare for these types of situations?


Have a plan, be prepared, and many of these situations can be avoided. How you ask? Let’s take gasoline for instance. When your gas gauge reaches a half a tank, fill up. You can look at it as either half empty or half full. This way if anything unexpected ever happens, you have fuel to get you to your destination.

If your car breaks down, do you know the phone number for a tow company? Do you know the number for Law Enforcement? Could you call for help if you feel afraid? Have you had your vehicle maintenance done regularly? Most vehicle problems can be detected early if you keep on a schedule.
While on a trip you can get stuck in bad weather in cold climates. Having the essentials is your key to survival: a blanket, radio, charged up cell phone, flashlight, extra snacks, hand or feet warmers, and extra, dry clothing can make all the difference. Plus, always remember to tell others your destination, direction of travel and the time you should arrive. This way if you are late, they have an idea where to come looking for you.

Ok, now to a flat tire. Do you really know how to change your tire? Have you ever even looked at where the spare is located? Is it inflated? Are the proper tools in the vehicle and do you know how to use them? If the answer is NO, then I would suggest you take a class to learn how. There are many tools out there that can be used just in case you think being strong is the only way to accomplish changing your tire. Not so.

Ladies, if you wear high heels and office attire to work, then I would suggest keeping a spare set of work shoes or boots in the vehicle, with a pair of coveralls to protect your clothing. Otherwise, you will want to wait for a passerby to come to the rescue. In my book, I would rather fend for myself, because you just never know who’ll be stopping by in the time of need. How strange will the stranger be? I am not willing to play Russian roulette with my life. You can also call for Law Enforcement to come to your aid.

Automobile Accidents

Have you ever thought of what you might need to do in a vehicle accident or crash? What things do you need to know or need to have with you? After an accident occurs, most all drivers are in a fog, because your mind puts you in safety mode. Events begin to go in slow motion; you go into shock and things just do not seem clear. Prepare your subconscious for situations such as this. So how would you do this? You can constantly go over, what ifs. Make sure you know that your registration, proof of insurance and driver’s license are with you at all times. Your cell phone is a great way to snap photos of the scene. If the accident occurs on surface streets or the highway, Law Enforcement needs to remove those vehicles off the roadway as soon as possible and will move them, if they can be moved, in order to keep the traffic flowing, to ensure another accident does not occur.

Unfortunately, the police cannot keep onlookers from being distracted and causing yet another accident at the scene of the first. Check for injuries, call 911, keep yourself safe from oncoming traffic that may be distracted and not see your accident. There are so many variables that could be present in these types of situations. Just prepare your mind and it will be there when you need it.

Vehicle Burglaries

Vehicle burglaries are on the uptick all across the country and burglars are out in force. Giving them the opportunities are the driving force to their success of depriving you of your belongings. We all work hard for the things we desire in life, and, in my book, for someone to think they have a right to them because they want it without working for it is just wrong. I am lucky enough to have the option of being able to park my vehicles in a garage, but many drivers do not have that luxury. So what do you do? First, make sure there is nothing of value in plain sight. Remove cell phone charge cables, backpacks, books, DVD’s, extra change, firearms, tools, you name it. If they can see it, they want it.

Criminals hock or sell these stolen items for cash. By not giving them the opportunity, they will move on to another vehicle that offers one. If you think by setting your car alarm that will protect you, think again. These professional criminals are savvy to this, so instead of opening the doors, they break the windows, and do “smash and grabs.” They will test to see if the door is unlocked, and believe me, there are many who still forget to do so, allowing this to happen. So keep expensive items out of sight. Another thing to remember, if you lock your vehicle with the door lock and not the key fob, then your alarm does not activate. But if you do set it with the key fob, remember to open it the same way or the alarm will go off. By opening it with the key, the alarm is not disarmed causing it to activate making you scramble to turn it off.

ATM transactionsdon't.JPG

ATMs (Automated Teller Machines) are another area of potentially unsafe conditions. Thieves see them as an excellent opportunity for some extra cash in their pockets. Using an ATM your attention is on sliding in your card and punching in the numbers. The thieves know this, so that is when they strike. Never give them these options. Find an ATM in a well lit, high traffic area. Avoid going to them late at night. Plan ahead, if you can, by going to your bank during banking hours. Keep your doors locked and be observant as to who is hanging around when you approach. Leave if it feels unsafe. One way to cause attention to yourself, start honking your horn if you see someone suspicious approaching your vehicle. The most important factor here is to be safe and no money or things are worth losing your life over. Just do your best and plan ahead; distractions and being unaware of your surroundings work against you. Don’t Become a Victim. Stay Safe.

Your Engine’s Cooling System


The purpose of the cooling system in your car’s engine is to keep the engine at its most efficient operating temperature, at all speeds and under all operating conditions.

During the combustion of the air-fuel mixture in the engine cylinders, temperatures of 4000 degrees or higher may be reached by the burning of gases. Some of this heat is absorbed by the cylinder walls, cylinder head, and pistons. They, in turn, must be provided with some means of cooling so that they will not get too hot. Cylinder-wall temperatures must not go higher than about 400-500 degrees. Temperatures higher than this cause the lubricating-oil film to break down and lose the lubricating properties. However, the engine operates best at temperatures as close as possible to the limits imposed by oil properties.

Cooling systems are designed to remove about one-third of the heat produced in the combustion chambers by the burning of the air-fuel mixture. One-third of the heat leaves the engine as exhaust gas through the exhaust system. Generally, only about one-third of the heat of combustion is used by the engine to produce power.

The engine is even more inefficient while cold. Therefore the cooling system includes devices that prevent normal cooling action during engine warm-up. These devices (thermostat, engine fan, heater core, sensors, etc) allow the engine parts to reach their normal operating temperature more quickly. This shortens the inefficient cold operating time. When the engine reaches normal operating temperature, the cooling system begins to function. The cooling system cools the engine rapidly when it is hot, and not at all, or slowly, when the engine is cold or warming up.

There are two types of cooling systems used on automobile engines,. They are air cooling and liquid. Today most automobile engines are liquid cooled. Most engines in airplanes, snowmobiles, motorcycles, power lawnmowers and chain saws are air cooled. In air-cooled engines, the cylinders are semi-independent. There are metal fins on the heads and cylinders to help dissipate the heat from the engine.

Liquid cooling systems usually have a water pump to maintain circulation in the system. This pump circulates the cooling liquid, called the coolant, or anti freeze, between the radiator and the engine water jackets. The coolant is water to which antifreeze is added. Just as we would put on a jacket to keep warm on a cold day, so water jackets are placed around the engine cylinders of a liquid-cooled engine.

In this case, water jackets are designed to keep the cylinders relatively cool. The water jackets are open spaces between the outer wall of the cylinder and the inside of the cylinder block. Look at it in the perspective of humans: a body must maintain a certain operating temperature in order to prevent other organs from failing, somewhere around 97-98.2 degrees. The process is known as “thermoregulation.” Temperature control is critical to survival. An animal that can’t cool itself will overheat and suffer from heat stroke, a potentially fatal condition.

If the body temperature rises or falls, it is an indication that something is malfunctioning in the body. The human body cools itself in a few different ways.


Sweating is your body’s main biological mechanism for cooling itself. As perspiration evaporates from your skin it absorbs a large amount of heat from your body. The process of turning from a liquid to a gas provides physical cooling.

Physical Cooling

Your body loses heat through the same physical mechanisms whereby any hot object dispels heat. You radiate body heat into a cooler environment in much the same way a hot oven radiates heat into the kitchen. Your body can increase radiation heat loss by increasing blood flow to the skin, or simply by moving to an area away from the heat source.

Your automobile’s engine, if overheated, can cause severe damage to the cooling system, engine block or both. That is why it is crucial to maintain the proper amount of antifreeze to water mixture.

Water pumps fail when bearings or seals wear allowing a small amount of coolant to leak. The leak is seen weeping from a small hole behind the water pump hub designed as an indicator that the pump seals are leaking and need replacing. It is also a good rule of thumb to have the water pump replaced at the same time you replace your engine’s timing belt. This is not only cheap insurance, but the cost of just replacing the water pump, is similar in cost to the replacement of the timing belt.

Engine fans and drive belts are other devices that also work diligently to prevent your car’s engine from overheating. A fan belt or serpentine belt uses friction, tension, and proper fit in the pulley grooves to turn the water pump and other accessories. Most vehicles today have electric fans operated by your vehicle’s

Is A Self Driven Car In Your Future?

Is A Self Driven Car In Your Future?

Back to the future may be 30 years old this year, but were the predictions in the movie close to reality? Well, yes and no. In 2014 automakers and auto parts supplies suppliers have introduced their advanced technology for cars of the future that will actually drive hands free!

Are you ready for this new chapter in automotive experiences? Let’s discuss what makes these cars tick? Or should I say take the wheel. Audi presented its “Next Chapter” from January 6 through January 9. Audi’s presentation is set to fittingly highlight piloted driving.

On Monday, January 5, 2015, Audi began its first road trip Silicon Valley, California to Las Vega, Nevada, with journalists behind the wheel of this so called “piloted “car with its automated systems. Audi wanted to demonstrate their leadership role in piloted cars.

Audi’s model A7 completely piloted driving car is not only capable of driving itself from zero to 70 mph but it can also change lanes and pass other vehicles. Audi states that the technology used on the concept are “close to production ready”. So what type of technology is installed to handle all these hands free twists, turns and lane changes?

Installed on the vehicle is everything from long-and mid-range radar sensors to a high-resolution 3D video camera, and laser scanners, to achieve a complete view of the vehicle’s surroundings in order to make sound decisions.

As the car reaches urban environments, it displays a warning signal to notify the driver to take control. The driver-free concept is simple enough, but the tech is cutting edge. These cars talk to other cars and the surrounding terrain with sensors, and also stay in touch with centralized command posts. Intersections will bristle with cameras, radar and sensors to control traffic flow and prevent collisions. Traffic lights will become a quaint memory.

The debate is not over on whether we are really ready for cars to drive themselves, but automotive technology is gaining ground. These cars are not on the market yet, but the momentum is building. Why you ask? Because  technology is moving fast paving a clear path to a lucrative new market. Plus kids today do not seem to be all that keen on driving anyway.

The prediction is that by 2040 the traffic stream in America and the world would be 75% of self-driven vehicles according to the IEEE, (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers). Let’s think about the cars on the market today.  You are using and accepting many components that are already heading you in this direction, such as built-in GPS systems backup Cameras, collision avoidance sensors, adaptive cruise control, lane departure warnings and more. Conditioning is already underway. The question is not whether or not self driving cars will exist, but when. The race is on to see which country will be the first to introduce it.

Another good question is what your car insurance will cost if you own a self piloting automobile. I doubt my classic vehicles would be receptive to such big alterations.

As for me, I think I will stay with the old tradition, after all, where I am  the driver.  I doubt my classic vehicles would be receptive to such big alterations.


Photo reference:

Why Is A Gallon Of Gasoline Dropping? Is It Sustainable?

Gas pricesWHY IS A GALLON OF GAS DROPPING? Is It Sustainable?

In order to understand why the price of a gallon of gasoline is dropping, you must first learn how it rose in the first place back in the 1970’s. Although various forms of gasoline have been used for several centuries, it wasn’t until September 5, 1885 that a gasoline pump was manufactured in Fort Wayne, Indiana. This was initially for tractors used by farmers, but it was the first step towards the vast array of stations nationwide we have today.
As far as what Jake Gumper (the owner of the first pump) charged, I’m not sure, but I’m guessing it was used for personal use only. Nevertheless this was the beginning of what we so commonly referred to today as “pain at the pump”

Since the record keeping of gasoline prices prior to the 1950’s was undocumented, it is unclear as to the correct price per gallon during the era. So I will begin this travel through time beginning with 1950. The cost of gasoline was about 26.8 cents per gallon. Gas then raised a cent or so per year until 1957 where gas was at a high demand. From 1957-1969, prices at the pump only went up a total of 3.8 cents from 31 cents per gallon to 34.8 cents per gallon.

During my high school years, I remembered paying 29 cents a gallon for premium and 19 cents a gallon for regular gasoline. Imagine 12 full years with a less than a 4 cent gain. That calculates out to be a mere 1/3 of a penny per year during this period. This was short lived once the 1970’s arrived.

By 1974, the cost of fuel had risen to 53.2 cents per gallon. This is a substantial jump from the way things had been the decade prior. Gasoline rose 18.4 cents in five years! That equals out to a 48% increase. So what changed? What happened in 1974 that was different?
First, the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1970 was passed and went into effect in 1974. These amendments required automobile makers and gas stations to meet an 87 octane (minimum) standard which limited lead to 4.0 grams per gallon. The lead in the gasoline was determined to be grossly polluting American air quality and so the Act intended to cut down on these emissions by removing the lead from the gas. The environment may have benefited from this act, the American people’s wallet did not. Since the lead had to be replaced by more and more blended additives to maintain an 87 % octane in its place, it cost the oil refineries more in cost to produce automotive fuel, driving up the price per gallon substantially. Gas lines

Second, several Arab nations furious over the United States support for Israel in the 1973 Arab-Israel War which started an embargo on oil against the US. This came during a time when lower domestic production of crude oil. As a result, supplies became extremely tight with “30%” less of the more costly crude oil was imported during the embargo. Extremely long lines began to occur at gas stations all over the country with some locations paying as much as 27% more for a gallon of gasoline than they had prior to the embargo.Gas price hold up

From 1974 to 1982, gas rose steadily to 1.19 dollars per gallon, another large increase, but more wide spread than during ‘70-‘73 era. This was due in part to the lifting of the embargo causing serious damage to oil markets worldwide and OPEC stood in control of much of the oil costs. Playing catch up for all the oil reduction during the embargo was rather expensive due to the fact that oil companies were able to sell gasoline for such high prices and the America drivers were paying it. Then by 1982, the amount of lead allowed in gasoline dropped to 1.1% which is a cheaper additive and diminishing its presence in gasoline so other more expensive agents had to be used in its place. As the production cost increased for the refineries, the increase in the price per gallon was passed onto the consumer.

The price of gas rose so drastically during these turbulent times and then leveled off from 1981-1999 at the average cost of 1.1-1.2 dollars per gallon. Looking at the data, the price of a gallon of gas in 1999 was actually cheaper at (1.165) than it was in 1981, (1.19) because the cost rarely exceeded 25 cents. Oil production was up during that period and kept soundly at the pace with demand. During this time in America the lines were long and gasoline was in short supply, if someone tried to cut in line, people were getting shot from some who had been waiting in line for hours to get their small amount of gas.

In 2004, gas prices were near an all time high close to 2 dollars a gallon, a figure never before reached. By September of 2005 the price per gallon rose to 3.36 a gallon. By 2006 it fell to 2.57 a gallon the pricing roll a coaster was causing concern among consumers not only with driving habits, but also with the type of vehicles they were purchasing.
In certain areas within the United States during the summer of 2008 the cost per gallon reached the 5 dollar mark. I have always wondered what exactly happened in those volatile times to cause gas prices to over double in cost. Why did it take 4 years to meet the cost history informs us occurs about every 20 years?!

Having an understanding for economics and the world currency will help explain this question. Currently the worldwide production has peaked, the demand for fuel is ever-increasing, the value of the currency most oil is traded in, the US dollar, is terribly low and continually declining.Gas shortage
There are several conflicts in oil-producing nations such as Nigeria, and natural disasters have been more intense and more frequent. These factors when occurring in a short amount of time have created the perfect storm for driving up our fuel prices. With the increase in population equates to the increase in demand and it will cost the oil companies more and more money to get less oil out of the ground.

The price per gallon has been steadily dropping for the last several months down to levels seen in 2004. Due in part to less demand around the world, especially from China, automakers have been producing cars that can drive further on a tank of gas and with alternative types of fuels being used, people spend less time visiting their local gas stations to fill up. Will this trend continue, only time can tell? I know my wallet is feeling better these days at no only at fill up for my automobile, but home heating fuel as well.

How Many Automotive Recalls in 2014?

How Many Automotive Recalls In 2014?

With 2014 officially to a close I was sitting waiting patiently for 2015 to arrive when I began to think about just how many cars were actually recalled in 2014. The entire year was plagued with one recall after another everything from ignition switches, air bags exploding to fuel tank fires.

In 2004 the record recalls reached an all time high totaling 30.8 million. So how many automotive recalls did America experience in 2014? The number is staggering; try over 60.5 million in all according to the latest data from the (NTSA) National Transportation Safety Administration.

This number is sure to climb higher as more auto makers announce recalls added to the record. In reviewing this reported data, General Motors recalled the highest at 27 million, due in part to their faulty ignition switches that resulted in 42 deaths and 58 injuries. That is the highest number for any single automaker. Honda ran a close second recalling 5.4 million vehicles with having to swap out the Takata air bags. Added to this list of air bag recalls, Fiat and Chrysler have expanded theirs to cover the entire nation. They stated that the air bags were only being recalled in states that were hot and high in humidity thinking that was the cause for the premature detonation. That seems to have been provenincorrect.Takata air bags

GM has spent over 2.7 billion on just the ignition recall alone but this will not be the final number. All I can say is, what will 2015 bring? I am on a mission to try and find a logical explanation for this rise. Is it because the standards have been lowered on products made by outside vendors or is it because of faulty material? Check back to find out.